Although we recently prepared a couple of articles related to vaccination guidelines for companion animals, both in the US and Europe, we are happy to announce that an online (mobile-ready) vaccination guidelines website has been launched to help private practices and veterinarians determine the best suitable protocol for individual patients.
The guidelines were designed by the American Animal Hospital Association in September 2017, as an updated model to the 2011 version. The content of the new canine vaccination guidelines almost doubled compared to the previous one.
WHAT DO THE GUIDELINES INCLUDE?
At the summary page, you can find the recommendations for vaccinating for the general practice. Here, the Canine Distemper Virus, Adenovirus-2, Parvovirus core vaccines are mentioned, and optional parainfluenza virus, as well as Rabies vaccine. The guidelines also include the non-core vaccination recommendations and information about them.
Following the summary, there is a special page with FAQ that addresses some controversies and key-issues veterinarians are confronting. The section has been totally redesigned and rewritten to help veterinarians solve some questionable doubts.
An interactive tool named a Lifestyle-Based Vaccine Calculator has been designed in order to establish the best suitable vaccination plan and protocol for individual patients. So how does this tool function? Basically, you input the age of the dog and afterward select couple of pre-written statements for the dog’s lifestyle. Some of the statements include: “Has close contact with coughing dogs”, “Stays in a boarding kennel”, “Visits dog parks”, “Drinks from freshwater rivers, lakes or puddles” etc.
The “antibody testing versus vaccination” section follows and it only applies for CDV (Canine Distemper Virus), CPV (Canine Parvovirus) and CAV (Canine Adenovirus). This can help veterinarians when concluding whether there should be a revaccination or the animal isn’t susceptive to infection. Therefore, the interpretation is thoroughly explained with qualitative and quantitative antibody testing results.
Rabies vaccination has its own section mostly because this vaccine is required by law in most states, not just in North America, but in other parts of the world as well. The subsection with FAQ provides quality information regarding the laws, exemptions and some other topics about rabies.
Next up there is a section that explains how to manage patients that are late for the initial vaccination protocol or are presented with an extended revaccination interval. Two subsections with dogs 6-20 weeks of age and 20+ explain the different ways of management.
While vaccinating adverse reactions may happen and do happen, but unfortunately, the actual prevalence of those isn’t known in veterinary medicine. However, the guidelines include a couple of examples of known adverse events that can possibly occur and how their general appearance.
There is a separate vaccination recommendation section regarding shelter dogs and how to implement proper protocols to achieve steady “herd” immunity.
The rest of the new canine vaccination guidelines are filled with written information on vaccine storage and handling, licensing of vaccines, vaccine types, legal considerations, and therapeutic biologics.
You can check out the Canine Vaccination Guidelines yourself at https://www.aaha.org/guidelines/canine_vaccination_guidelines.aspx